Countless students across Brazil have spent the weekend using the Exame Nacional do Ensino Médio (National High School Graduation Exam), better known as the ENEM, which is the Brazilian equivalent of SATs from the Usa or possibly a-Levels in britain. The non-compulsory end-of-high school graduation exam has seen major improvements, but has also come under fire again due to attendance levels, disruptions and leaked questions.
Education Minister Aloizio Mercadante hailed Brazil’s handling in the enem 2018 – the 2nd biggest exam of the enter the world after China, photo by Wilson Dias/ABr.
This season some 5.8 million people Brazil had registered for the exam, but preliminary figures show around 28 percent did not attend nationally, 25 % in Rio. Although this absentee rate has occurred before, some have voiced concerns because of the exam’s new significance for college kids.
Since 2009 the Ministry of Education proposed all universities should take advantage of the exam being a standard entrance qualification test. Even though this is not adopted universally, most federal universities (which are free) now use the ENEM exam scores.
Education remains a major challenge for Brazil and highlights the stark inequality the sixth largest economy on earth faces. Simultaneously Brazil is battling with a true shortage of skilled professionals, the government estimated that the new Brazilian oil fields will demand 250,000 new professionals through 2016 alone.
The reason why so many students missed out on the test is not fully clear, although some may be explained with the fact the exam is optional, free for most, and schools still provide transcripts to prove academic ability. Some may simply also will no longer require the certificate, e.g. when they have second thoughts about university.
Education Minister Aliozio Mercadante admits that “space in the [university] technique is limited,” which it has been limited further for many white middle-class students right after a fifty-percent quota was introduced earlier this year to improve the number of university students from poorer backgrounds, as well as certain ethnic backgrounds, which contains generated debate nationwide.
Messages and pictures brought to social websites sites from the ENEM were among reasons 65 candidates were expelled from exam rooms, photo from Twitter.
It was actually also recently reported that twenty percent of 18 to 25 year-olds in Brazil are officially classified as neither studying, nor working or perhaps seeking work, or the process dexspky96 the official system.
However, the major problems besetting this year’s test had more to do with the running in the enem 2018 rather than the exam itself: sixty-five candidates were expelled from the exam hall over the two days, including some who sent SMSs or uploaded messages and pictures onto social networks through the exam hall.
Government entities said monitoring systems would improve and this the exam will not be yet perfect, but emphasized that improvements was designed for the “second largest exam of its kind inside the world” after China.
This year’s exam was tougher than previous years’ after several complaints the exam was simple for university purposes. Despite improvements, some private universities have told The Rio Times they remain cautious about the test and can “wait till the creases have been ironed out.”
The sisu 2018 candidates’ knowledge across a range of disciplines, including sciences, math and language. Effects are expected on December 28th.